All of us are well aware that the majority of the population is not leading what we could term as a healthy life. Junk food, improper sleep patterns, wrong sitting posture, consumption of alcohol and cigarettes are a few of the important reasons for a lot of our diseases.
With breakthroughs in the medical field and doctors coming up with new techniques and cures, it is also essential that patients do their part in preventing the various life-threatening diseases that are now prevailing in our country. With diseases striking rich, poor, young and old alike, spreading of awareness about the killer diseases is an important must.
But which disease trumps all the others? We bring the answer to you.
Leading causes of death among Indians
A recent research has found out that heart diseases are the leading cause of death in India, as is the case in many other countries. Heart diseases trump all others when it comes to killing Indians. Obesity, high stress levels, unhealthy diet and lack of exercise play an important role in aggravating this problem.
There are several ways to prevent heart diseases. A few of the preventions are listed below:
- Consume a low-fat, high-fiber diet with lots of fresh fruit and vegetables as well as whole grains
- Avoid tobacco consumption
- Limit alcohol consumption
- Keep your weight under check. You shouldn’t be overweight or obese
- Maintain a 30-minute exercise routine
- Decrease sugar consumption.
The second leading cause of death in this country is respiratory diseases. Home to some of the most polluted cities of the world, such as New Delhi, Agra, Jodhpur, Amritsar, Gwalior, Ahmedabad and Patna among others, respiratory diseases have become a common occurrence.
There are different kinds of respiratory diseases that affect humans. Some of them are occasional and do not affect the person as much like Colds, Influenza or Allergic Rhinitis for which you have to visit the General Physician more often than not;on the other hand, there are some serious respiratory diseases like Asthma, Tuberculosis, Cystic Fibrosis, among others which only specialists like Immunologist and ENT specialists.
The best way to prevent these is to stop smoking, avoid stress and get plenty of rest to strengthen your immune system. Apart from this, following a diet of low-fat dairy products, eggs, soy, fish, sprouts, whole grains, skinless chicken as well as fruits and vegetables can be of big help.
Diabetes is a condition where a person has high blood glucose or blood sugar. People suffering from diabetes usually experience frequent urination, excessive thirst and recurrent hunger.
Badly controlled diabetes can lead to hearing loss, vision problems, skin complications, hypertension, heart problems, gum diseases and much more. So, it becomes really important to keep the sugar level under control. For this, one should exercise regularly, control one’s weight, skip sugary drinks, consume whole grain products, and limit smoking and alcohol consumption.
The Health and Family Welfare Ministry has projected that by 2015, India will have more than 60 million people with coronary heart diseases and 40 million people suffering from diabetes.
Apart from cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases and diabetes, neurological conditions, tuberculosis, cancer, digestive diseases, respiratory infections, kidney and urinary diseases and diarrheal diseases have made it to the list of top 10 killer diseases in India. As a result, specialists such as cardiologists, neurologists, neuro surgeon, Oncologists, Endocrinologists are in high demand.
Top selling drugs in India
A report has also revealed that India is the largest consumer of antibiotics. Between 2000 and 2010, the use of antibiotics has increased by 62%. The top selling drugs in India include Augmentin for bacterial infections, which made it to the top of the list, Corex and Phensedyl Cough for cough, Voveran for inflammatory disorders and Human Mixtard 30/70 for insulin.
These statistics should work as an eye opener for all of us. Our health is worsening by the second, and lack of exercise and poor eating habits do not help our cause. If we do not eat healthy, live healthy and exercise properly, there isn’t a good future for us.