Reducing the risk of Type 2 diabetes

Reducing the risk of Type 2 diabetes

A working professional’s life

Get up at 7, make some tea and read the newspaper.

Freshen up and get ready for office.

Have a quick breakfast.

Reach office after an hour amid maddening traffic.

Glued to desktop without blinking for 10 hours straight!

Grab a burger or a snack in the evening.

Trudge back home through the heavy traffic.

Prepare dinner or best, order a pizza.

Watch some TV, Youtube or check Facebook.

Off to bed…


Does this sound like your life? For those nodding their heads, know that you are not alone. Urbanization leaves little or no space for exercise or physical activity. Busy work life, unchecked eating habits and inactive lifestyles are taking a big toll on the health of people leading to various lifestyle diseases.

Diabetes in India

One such disease that has become a global epidemic is Diabetes. India is the home to more than 65 million diabetes patients, while more than 77 million are in the pre-diabetes stage. By 2030, India is estimated to have more than 100 million diabetes patients, making it the largest in the world.

Rise in diabetes also increases the risk of other complications like heart diseases, strokes, hypertension and kidney diseases. Economic burden of diabetes and related diseases in India are among the highest in the world. This has also increased the need and presence of endocrinologists in the country.

The alarming rise of diabetes calls for an immediate attention and the need to control its incidence in India. There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body cannot use the insulin it makes and is caused as a result of obesity or because people are not getting enough activity.  Most of the diabetes patients are affected by Type 2 diabetes. But the good news is that since Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disease, it can be prevented and managed.

Preventing Type2 Diabetes

The first thing is to know your diabetes risk. If you see the symptoms of diabetes such as, increase in thirst and hunger, excessive urination, weight loss, numbness of hands or feet or tiredness, it is time to get a diagnosis from an endocronologist. An Endocronologist will be able to not only assess your risk, but will also be able to tell you the plan of action to prevent it at the right time.

With awareness and taking the following precautions you can reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes:

1.)    Assess your diabetes risk: Know your blood sugar levels by getting regular tests done. Get a test and diagnosis from an endocrinologist at least once every 6 months. For expert advice consult an endocrinologist to treat your diabetes risks.

2.)    Check your weight: If you are obese, your chances of getting Type 2 diabetes become higher. On the contrary, if you experience sudden weight loss without exercising, it may be a symptom of diabetes. Keep a track of your weight and consult a doctor to manage your body weight effectively.

3.)    Do Regular Exercise: By doing regular exercise you can not only burn calories and shed the excessive body fat but also reduce blood glucose levels and control your blood pressure. Including daily physical activity can really help keep diabetes at bay. Ask your Endocronologist what all exercises will be best suited for you and devise a fitness regime.

4.)    Eat healthy: Unchecked eating habits and consumption of junk food is one of the major reasons of increase in blood sugar and calories. Replacing unhealthy diet with more fruits, green vegetables and other foods rich in fiber will not only cut down your diabetes risk, but also make you healthier. Create a healthy and practical meal plan with your dietician that you can follow every day.

5.)    Quit smoking: People who smoke are twice more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than non-smokers. Smoking causes insulin resistance increasing your chances of diabetes. Saying no to cigarettes can cut down your diabetes risk.

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