Even the mention of a tumour sends us into a state of shock. Most of us have a feeling that all tumours are cancerous. But, oncologists answer on the contrary.
Only 20% of breast lumps are cancerous. Some oncologists say that non-cancerous brain tumours are more common than expected. Many of the brain tumours will not be cancerous at all and do not trigger any symptoms or problems.
Oncologists divide tumours into 3 types:
- Benign tumour: These tumours are non-cancerous and are not life threatening. Oncologists say that these tumours do not usually spread to other parts of the body too.
- Pre-cancerous tumours: These tumours, as the name suggests, have the potential to develop into cancerous ones.
- Malignant tumours: These are cancerous tumours and could be life-threatening. These tumours could be in various shapes or even sizes and can grow or spread uncontrollably. The oncologists say that even metastasizing (breaking off of cancerous cells and spreading to other parts of the body) is also possible.
Is it benign?
Cancer accounts for 7.4 million deaths every year. So, it is imperative that it is diagnosed at the very earliest.
However, it is very tough to self-diagnose cancer. The symptoms depend on where the cancer is, how big it is and how much has it spread. For instance, the symptoms of a cancerous tumour in brain could be visible even at a very early stage. On the other hand, the symptoms of a pancreatic cancerous tumour might not be visible till an advanced stage of cancer.
Picture caption: Microscopic view of a cancerous cell and a normal one
However, oncologists say that the following symptoms should ring an alarm bell in you:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Lumps in breasts and testicles
- Blood in the stool, urine and cough
- Wounds which do not heal
- Constant cough
- White patches inside the mouth.
If you have the above symptoms, don’t delay your consultation with an oncologist. You can locate an oncologist near you by clicking here: https://www.lybrate.com/oncologist
If you are a woman above 40 years of age, oncologists advise regular check-ups (at least once in a year) for breast cancer detection.
Depending on the nature of tumour, oncologists advise biopsy, blood tests, liver function tests and X-rays to determine whether a tumour is benign or cancerous. In case the tumour is malignant, the treatment varies from chemotherapy to radiation and maybe, even surgical removal of the tumour.
Sweat not! Many of the cancerous tumours can be treated.
Can you insulate yourself against cancer?
Yes. You can. Oncologists suggest the following ways to reduce the risk of cancer:
- Give up smoking and consumption of tobacco in all forms
- Abstain from consumption of alcohol. In case, you find it tough to abstain from alcohol, drink alcohol in moderation
- Limit your exposure to sunlight. In case, your job entails you to travel extensively in the sun, wear high-quality sunglasses to protect your eyes from ultra violet radiation. Also, apply good quality sunscreen lotion when you are out in the sun.
- Limit your exposure to toxic chemicals and radiation. In case, you work in an industry where you might be exposed to such chemicals and radiation, consult a General Physician or oncologist for advice to prevent the onset of cancer.
- Exercise regularly, maintain an ideal weight and eat nutritious food.
For healthier life, it’s important you take regular medical check-ups. Call a doctor near you right away, and pay him a visit for a complete health check-up.