Women make ways where none exist. Dr Kiran Arora, a reputed IVF Consultant and OBS/GYN from Gurgaon shares with Lybrate about PCOS disorder as well as the the challenges of being a woman doctor.
Q: What is Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
Dr Kiran: Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is a medical condition which there is an imbalance of hormones. The sex hormones estrogen and progesterone gets out of balance. The imbalance leads to growth of ovarian cysts. The condition usually cause problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function, and physical appearance.
Q: Tell us about its symptoms?
Dr Kiran: The most common symptoms are Irregular menstrual cycles, anovulation, irregular ovulation and high levels of androgens in the body because of which women have difficulty conceiving are among the most common symptoms, hirsutism – the excessive growth of facial or body hair on women. The women affected with PCOS, often have enlarged ovaries and when menses occur they usually prolonged bleeding. With the time more cysts may form.
Q: What about causes of PCOS?
Dr Kiran: PCOS is a genetic problem but bad lifestyle plays a big role in its manifestation. Junk food, inactivity may result in the problem getting worse.
Q: Does it cause Infertility, as commonly believed?
Dr Kiran: Yes it may result in infertility because women affected with PCOS stop producing eggs for the purpose of reproduction. PCOS can also cause diabetes and heart diseases in a woman.
Q: Is it curable?
Dr Kiran: It is not completely curable so far but it is usually controlled by treating the symptoms. For example – An overweight woman should try to keep her weight in check. Regular exercise, healthy diet are important to keep PCOS in control. Controlling PCOS reduces the risks of infertility, miscarriages, diabetes, heart disease and uterine cancer.
Q: Dr. Kiran, how do you manage between the two roles of a doctor and a mother?
Dr Kiran: I think sticking to what you like is the key. Enjoy your profession and do what you like. If you do what you enjoy, you are naturally going to feel things are easy. Another thing is stick to what you are good at.
Q: Is it difficult to be a female doctor? Do you think things would have been different if you were a male?
Dr Kiran: I believe that males and females have their separate, yet very important roles to play. Somebody has to take care of the family and household, so we have entrusted this task upon ourselves because we know we can do them better than males. Similarly, men impart a lot of responsibilities which females cannot. It is a natural phenomenon. Initially things were easy when I was a student, energetic and enthusiastic for the profession with no responsibilities. As we grow, the reality hits us. We learn to accept that we have to raise a family as well. So yes, being a woman is a challenge. We learn to accept and keep ourselves happy!
Q: What has been your greatest challenge?
Dr Kiran: The greatest challenge was to find a suitable job when I came back from my studies and training in UK. When I was training and working hard in UK, I used to believe that I can get work in any hospital in India. Unfortunately, there were no takers! I came back to India, i tried to get work, but to no avail. Soon I was a mother, entrusted with lots of responsibilities with no job. Later, I set up my private clinic at my residence so that I can take care of my children as well. So life is not all that easy. I won’t say that I had to sacrifice anything, because i enjoy what I do.
Q: Please share a message for your patients and fellow doctors?
Dr Kiran: I would like to just tell everybody esp. all women one thing that helps the most – “Believe in yourself!”