One of the most recurring types of health problems linked to pregnancy, gestational diabetes takes its toll on 10 percent of pregnant women, according to a recent study.
Gynecologist and obstetrician at Nurture IVF Centre, Dr. Archana Dhawan, expressed her opinion and said that pregnant women within the age group of 30 to 39 years had a greater prevalence of GDM when compared with those in the age group of 20 to 29 years.
India is one of the diabetes capitals in the world and has among the most astonishing rates of women prone to diabetes, with over 5 million women diagnosed with it in the country every year.
In the present times, diabetes affects over 246 million people globally and half of those are women.
Dr. Bajaj said that the screening test for Gestational Diabetes is suggested at the initial prenatal visit and then repeat test at 24 to 28 weeks if the first result is not positive.Gestational diabetes doesn’t often lead to any symptoms. At times, one may have symptoms of high blood sugar, together with increased thirst, needing to urinate frequently and feeling tired.
Once diagnosed with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, doctors suggest taking shots of insulin, following which you are required to adopt an effective treatment.
Diabetic screening is essential for women, especially if their body mass index is more than 30; if they had gestational diabetes in earlier pregnancy; if sugar is present in urine and if they had a family history of diabetes.
The gynecologist and infertility expert at Fortis Femme, Dr. Hrishikesh Pai, said that gestational diabetes leads to miscarriage, fat/large babies and many more problems such as polyhydramnios that causes an excessively distended belly and may rarely create dangerous results such as toxemia, which increases blood pressure with the presence of protein in the urine and inflammation of hands/feet. Any of these issues should be instantly treated medically to ensure the well-being of the fetus.
Diabetic pregnancy has greater risks, which include miscarriages and large babies. High level of maternal blood glucose may increase the risks of having large babies, which makes the delivery more complicated; thus leading to caesarean.
Gestational diabetes can be treated with a regular exercise regime that aids in keeping the blood sugar level under control. One can keep high BP and high cholesterol level normal with the help of medication to avoid other complications like heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke.
One needs to follow healthy food habits and never miss out on meals. Have your insulin or medicine at the same time regularly without delaying or skipping meals. Keep a close check on the glucose level of blood by using a home glucose monitor. By keeping a check on the blood glucose level, one can avoid multiple diabetic complications.
Proper consumption of food, along with exercise, favorable changes in lifestyle, regular monitoring of glucose level, controlling pressure-cholesterol, medicines, quitting smokings are a must for effective and careful management of diabetes under medical supervision.
Dr. Bajaj said that diabetic pregnancy is very important. It is advised that a woman with already existing diabetes (both type 1 & type 2), who gets pregnant should check her BG levels up to 8 times regularly. Proper regulation of diet, lifestyle change, exercise and everyday monitoring of glucose level, timely consumption of medicines and control pressure- cholesterol is all a mother is required to do to avoid herself and the baby from all the possible ills, which can be caused by diabetes.
“Check-ups should be performed on a regular, consistent basis to ensure that the diabetes is not negatively affecting the reproductive organs. The health care provider will determine how often one should visit with him/her depending on the overall health of the patient and the baby”, she further said.