By Dr. Sandeep Bhasin, Cosmetologist/ Plastic Surgeon
The main aim of plastic surgery is to improve the function of tissues and skin to as close to normal as possible. Plastic surgery has two branches, cosmetic surgery, and reconstructive plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery aims to improve the physical appearance of a person whereas reconstructive plastic surgery aims to correct the flaws on your skin. The main techniques of plastic surgery are:
1. Skin grafts: This method involves the removal of parts of healthy skin from an unaffected area of the body that is used to replace lost or damaged skin.
2. Skin flap surgery: This method is used where a piece of tissue is transferred from one part of the body to another part, along with blood vessels that keep it alive.
3. Tissue expansion: The surrounding tissue is stretched to enable the body to grow extra skin, which can then be used to help reconstruct the nearby area.
Knowing about the techniques can help you decide which method to go for. But before you take that leap and go under the knife, you should know answers to some vital questions.
1. What are the potential risks and complications?
If your surgeon makes exaggerated promises of a risk-free procedure you should know that it’s a huge red flag. There is no such thing as the risk-free procedure. Discuss the probable risks that are associated with plastic surgery so that you are mentally prepared.
2. How to safely manage these post-surgery side-effects, risks, and complications?
Ask your surgeon about the possible side-effects specific to the type of surgery you’re undergoing, and also, consult him/her regarding medications that can help minimize these risks and complications. Your surgeon can help you in avoiding certain side-effects such as pain and nausea through the prescription of certain medications.
3. Where will the surgery be carried out?
You should be operated on in a hospital or authorized surgical facility, not at a medispa or a regular uncertified doctor’s office. Authorized hospital means that the facility adheres to strict safety and quality standards.
4. How long is the recovery period, and when can you get back to work?
The recovery period usually varies from surgery to surgery, and you can consult your surgeon in this regard. As for when you can get back to your daily routine, that entirely depends on the length and the nature of the surgery, along with the type of work your normally do. Your surgeon will lay down guidelines on the work you can and can’t do post-surgery until you recover.