Indian kids are born with fat in their abdomen, which makes them susceptible to heart diseases, reveals a recent study. The cohort study, which appeared in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found that Indian children have more fat and fewer muscles in their body compared to children in other countries, which puts them at a higher risk of metabolic diseases.
Doctors have suggested that fat deposition in the body of a newborn can be prevented if the pregnant mother keeps her weight under control. The presence of fat in the child’s body also indicates the importance of physical activity.
Dr. Anoop Misra, chairman of Fortis C-DOC Centre for Diabetes, also emphasizes the necessity of including exercises and inculcating healthy eating habits in children. Abdominal fat not only leads to heart diseases but also insulin resistance, diabetes, and high blood pressure. Metabolic diseases are related to the distribution of adipose tissue, the study suggests, by connecting fat to heart diseases.
The cohort study also revealed that in Europe 34.5% obese children are affected by high blood pressure. In India, the number is rising with 22% of overweight children in the last five years. Dr. Misra is of the opinion that obesity should be prevented from childhood itself to keep heart diseases at bay later in life.
The World Health Organization has released a report, which says that obesity in developing Asian countries is rising at an alarming rate including India.
From 1990 to 2014, obese kids in third world countries have doubled from 7.5 million to 15.5 million. In 2014 obese Asian kids amounted to 48% and 25% in Africa.