Different vaccines and when and why to get them

Different vaccines and when and why to get them

Ajay Mehta

By Dr Ajay MehtaPediatrics

Vaccines are especially beneficial in saving children as well as adults from deadly diseases. However, it is an unfortunate fact that there is not enough awareness among people regarding the schedules of vaccination and the reasons why getting some vaccines at a particular age is crucial.

Here are list of some vaccines and their schedules, which you can refer to for immunization against diseases.

1. Hepatitis B Vaccine

The Hepatitis B vaccine is given at any time from birth to any age. Since the disease is spread by contact with fluids and blood, around-the-clock care to protect infants against such contact is impossible. In this case, vaccinations are the only protection against the disease.

2. Influenza (flu) Vaccine

Infants are especially vulnerable to this disease as it is spread through air, so vaccinating them annually from 6 months to 6 years of age, is beneficial for building up immunity against the influenza virus.

3. Tdap Vaccine

Vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis can be given around 11-13 years of age. The immunity of the body at this age is ideal to adjust to the three viruses present in this vaccine.

4. The HPV Vaccine

This can be taken while in the age group of 19-26 years of age; for females, it can be taken at any age from 10 years to 45 years. In case of men, the age limit is 21, so a better choice is getting it just after attaining adulthood.

5. Pneumonia Vaccine

This is usually for people over 65 years of age as immunity against pneumonia weakens then. Also, heavy smokers below 65 years of age also benefit from this vaccine.