Sunburn: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Sunburn: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Sunburn: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

By Dr (Col.)Anil Goyal , Dermatology

Sunburn is an extremely common condition with around one-third of the adult population as well as 70% of children getting sun burnt each year. Interestingly this can easily be prevented. The reason why this is so common is because people try to sunbathe in hopes of getting a tan but instead get sunburnt. Here is everything you need to know about the sunburn:

Causes-

A sunburn is caused when UV rays from the sun penetrate your skin.

Symptoms-

1. Reddening of the Skin:

This is the most common symptom of sunburns. Not only will your skin turn red but you will also feel a lot of pain.

2. Swelling:

The next stage of sunburn results in more pain as well as increased swelling. Sometimes even blisters form on your skin.

3. Flu-like Symptoms:

Even though this is rare, you may develop flu like symptoms including getting a fever, feeling cold, feeling nauseated and generally feeling weak.

Treatment-

1. Cold Compresses:

It is also seen that when you apply a cold compress or even take a cold bath, you will automatically feel a lot better.

2. Creams and Gels:

There are certain creams and gels which soothe the pain resulting from sunburn including aloe, camphor and menthol.

3. NSAID:

NSAID stands for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications relieve pain as well as swelling caused by sunburn all over the body.

4. Drink water and stay out of the sun:

Preventive measures such as staying out of the sun are crucial to not worsening your sunburn. Drinking water is also needed because you may feel dehydrated.