Wrinkles are one of the most predictable signs of aging. The rate at which the skin cells divide increases with age; as a result, the underlying layer begins to thin. Thus, the structure and the elasticity of the skin are compromised. Aging skin also reduces the ability of the skin to preserve moisture and produce lesser oil.
Causes of wrinkles include:
- Facial Muscle Contractions: Wrinkles occurring from facial muscle contractions are usually confined to the corner of a person’s eyes or between the eyebrows. Common expressions such as smiling and frowning can make these wrinkles even more prominent.
- Smoking: Collagen (the skin’s building block) is an important part of the skin and smoking inhibits its production, thus leading to wrinkles.
- Sun Damage: Excess exposure to direct sunlight can cause wrinkles.
Some treatments and cosmetic procedures that can be used for treating wrinkles include:
Botox: Botox, or botulinum toxin, is an injection which paralyzes the muscles responsible for the appearance of ‘frown lines’ on the forehead, fine lines around your eyes and other forms of wrinkles. The effect of Botox injections last for several months and they need to be repeated for best results.
Ablative Lasers: This is a technique wherein lasers are used to remove wrinkles by lifting off the outer layer of the skin, thus improving the rigidity of collagen.
Fillers: Wrinkles can be flattened using fillers such as lactic acid, collagen, calcium and hyaluronic acid.
Hydration and Skin Care: Hydrating the skin can be useful for removing fine wrinkles; because of the fact that hydration reduces the crevices and cracks in the skin. Hydration of skin is possible using creams that contain any of the following: Vitamin A acid (topical cream used in treating acne), antioxidants or alpha-hydroxy acids.