Skin Types and Care – Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination, Sensitive

Skin Types and Care – Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination, Sensitive

Skin Types and Care - Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination, Sensitive

By Dr Archhana GullurDermatology

A healthy skin is a happy skin. Thus to keep it tender, soft and ever glowing, you must take thorough care and ensure to age gracefully. Every skin type needs different care and comfort to maintain its supple texture throughout.

What’s Your Skin Type?

You have heard the buzz about normal, oily, dry, combination, or sensitive skin types. But which one do you have?

It can change over time. For example, younger people are more likely than older folks to have a normal skin type.

What’s the difference? Your type depends on things such as:

  • How much water is in your skin, which affects its comfort and elasticity
  • How oily it is, which affects its softness
  • How sensitive it is

Here are few simple steps to suit the need of every individual skin type:

Normal Skin- Not too dry and not too oily, normal skin has:

  • No or few imperfections
  • No severe sensitivity
  • Barely visible pores
  • A radiant complexion

A normal skin is indeed a blessing with proper oil balance. Thus the mantra to retain its lifelong magic is to keep it hydrated. One must never forget to drink enough water (about 2-3 litres every day) with regular skin care sessions that basically include cleansing, toning and moisturising. Any product which has certain amount of lemon, sandalwood, rose and Fennel would best suit this type of skin’s requirement.

Dry Skin- You may have:

  • Almost invisible pores
  • Dull, rough complexion
  • Red patches
  • Your skin is less elastic
  • More visible lines

Your skin can crack, peel, or become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. If it’s very dry, it can become rough and scaly, especially on the backs of your hands, arms, and legs.

Dry skin may be caused or made worse by:

  • Your genes
  • Aging or hormonal changes
  • Weather such as wind, sun, or cold
  • Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from tanning beds
  • Indoor heating
  • Long, hot baths and showers
  • Ingredients in soaps, cosmetics, or cleansers
  • Medications

A dehydrated skin turns to become dry, rough and scaly with the passage of time. Thus, the foremost concern should be to keep it moisturised all day long. Though steamy shower feels good, yet a hot bath is an absolute no when it comes to dry skin type. A gentle mild cleanser will help open the skin pores and allow the skin to breathe, hence enabling proper blood circulation. Face masks should be used in a proper time interval and not quite frequently.

Oily Skin- You may have:

  • Enlarged pores
  • Dull or shiny, thick complexion
  • Blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes

To get rid of the greasiness, an oil free face wash would suffice. A protein sufficient diet with lots of green vegetables would naturally heal the skin. Sun tanning should be avoided at any cost to reduce the retention of excess moisture.

Combination Skin- Your skin can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin). Many people have this type. It may need slightly different care in different areas.

Combination skin can have:

  • Pores that look larger than normal, because they’re more open
  • Blackheads
  • Shiny skin

A combination skin type is quite difficult to handle as some parts of the skin turns dry and scaly while the T-Zone, which is basically the nose chin and forehead, tend to get oily. Thus, the most preferred treatment for this skin type is to give it a gentle wash with a water-soluble cleanser to prevent any kind of skin irritation. A gel base mild foaming cleanser will also serve the purpose.

Sensitive Skin- It can show up as:

  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Dryness

If your skin is sensitive, try to find out what your triggers are so you can avoid them. There are many possible reasons, but often it’s in response to particular skin care products.

A sensitive skin is quite more prone to irritation, redness, and skin agitations. Thus, a natural or an Ayurvedic product with negligible amount of chemical composition helps resolve issues. For an allergy-prone skin, one must avoid using abrasive scrubs, too hard soaps or cleanser, scrub mints and an extreme hot or cold wash for the face. To restore proper moisture balance, the skin should be kept hydrated all day long.

With these few simple steps make your skin a head turner!