Neck Spasm – Symtptoms, Causes and Treatment

Neck Spasm – Symtptoms, Causes and Treatment

Neck Spasm - Symtptoms, Causes and Treatment

By Radhika Kandula , Gynaecology

Neck spasm is an involuntary and sudden tensing, or unmanageable shaking and tightening of a muscle as a result of overuse, strain, weakness or injury-induced muscle pain.


  • The signs and symptoms of muscle spasm in the neck include:
  • The muscle under your neck might feel tight, or bulging when you touch it.
  • Fasciculation, or twitching is common and it affects you at intervals.
  • Severe pain in your neck.


Spasms in the neck muscle is not a condition, but a symptom of some other medical condition. Muscle spasms in necks might be caused by the following conditions:

  1. Cervical dystonia (involuntary contractions of neck muscles)
  2. Cervical spondylosis (tear and wear of spinal discs)
  3. Herniated disc (problems in the rubbery substance in the discs)
  4. Degenerative disc disorder (spinal osteoarthritis)
  5. Viral infection
  6. Tension headache
  7. Spinal stenosis (spaces between discs start narrowing)
  8. Fibromyalgia (widespread tension and pain in muscles)
  9. Osteomyelitis (infection-induced bone inflammation)
  10. Meningitis (brain infection)


The best cure for muscle spasm is prevention.

  1. Most of the times, muscle spasms are caused by dehydration. If you have a fever, load up on fluids because a well hydrated body means lesser chances of spasms.
  2. Whenever you are about to do any kind of strenuous activity, perform certain warm-up exercises to loosen and relax your muscles. Relaxed muscles will help you prevent sudden spasms.
  3. Besides prevention, if you do experience a spasm, the foremost treatment is to stretch the muscle gently. Muscles relaxants, narcotics and anti-inflammatory drugs can be taken to provide pain relief.
  4. Physical therapy: Your healthcare provider may recommend seeing a physical therapist for an exercise program and other treatments.