By Nubello Hair Transplant & Cosmetic Surgery Center , Dermatology
Who wouldn’t be willing to go all those extra miles to get a flawless, blotch-free, smooth and radiant skin? And yet not all of us are as lucky when it comes to our skin. From pimples, rashes and scars to dark circles, tanning and pigmentation, our skins have to grapple with numerous problems on a daily basis. Needless to say, we invariably take recourse to endless creams, bleaches, ointments and treatments to solve these problems. While some might offer certain respite, not always do we get fruitful results from the whole host of these cosmetics. Especially in the case of skin pigmentation, the task to get rid of it becomes extremely cumbersome.
Causes of Skin Pigmentation-
Known triggers for skin pigmentation include:
- Sun exposure and sun damage—this is the most important avoidable risk factor.
- Pregnancy—in affected women, the pigment often fades a few months after delivery.
- Hormone treatments—oral contraceptive pills containing oestrogen and/or progesterone, hormone replacement, intrauterine devices and implants are a factor in about a quarter of affected women.
- Certain medications, scented or deodorant soaps, toiletries and cosmetics—these may cause a phototoxic reaction that triggers melasma, which may then persist long term.
- Hypothyroidism (low levels of circulating thyroid hormone)
Lifelong sun exposure causes deposition of pigment within the dermis and this often persists long term. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) deepens the pigmentation because it activates the melanocytes to produce more melanin.
Hyperpigmentation Treatment Options
There are a range of cosmeceuticals and other hyperpigmentation treatment options available to combat any of the above pigmentation issues. The following is a basic road map for effectively treating hyperpigmentation:
Step 1: Sun Protection
The first course of action for any form of hyperpigmentation is to use sun protection to prevent it worsening. UV rays, from sunlight, are the primary cause of hyperpigmentation. You can protect your skin with a high sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreen, SPF clothing, wide brimmed SPF hats and sunglasses.
Step 2: Skin Lightening Skin Care
The next step is using a skin care regimen that utilizes skin lightening ingredients. This should be an individualized regimen tailored to your skin’s specific needs.
Step 3: Skin Lightening Mask
Cosmelan works by peeling surface pigment away to lighten any hyperpigmentation. It also blocks the enzyme involved in the melanin formation process to prevent any further pigmentation in the skin. This non-invasive skin lightening treatment rejuvenates the skin and brightens the complexion. It’s safe to use on all skin types and is highly effective on all types of hyperpigmentation, including melasma, sun spots, or hyperpigmentation caused by acne scarring.
Step 4: Light and Laser Treatments
A variety of light and laser treatments are available – Photofacial, Clear & Brilliant, and Fraxel.
During the treatment laser energy is delivered to the target area in a series of short pulses. This energy is more efficiently absorbed by the dark cells containing the most pigment, and the energy causes the pigment to break down. The treatment may need to be completed over a course of sessions, depending on the extent of hyperpigmentation.
In addition to lightening brown spots, these laser treatments can also reduce redness while improving skin texture, fine lines and wrinkles.
None of these treatments can completely prevent pigmentation problems from returning. You can minimize the possibility of pigmentation problems by limiting your skin’s exposure to the Sun’s UV rays.