The surgical technique to fill in bald spots or balding spots with hair follicles from other parts of the body is called hair transplant. This technique is normally used to remedy male pattern baldness. This type of surgery is minimally invasive. Besides the hair on your head, it is also used to rectify eyelashes, eyebrows, or beard hair.
Hair transplant surgery can restore your naturally growing hair for life. It is usually done by using two methods: Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT).
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction): A donor site (the place from where healthy hair follicles are chosen) and a recipient site (the balding or bald area) are chosen and then the follicular grafts are individually extracted and implanted on the affected area. Even though the procedure is tedious, it is minimally invasive.
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation): In this method, a layer of the scalp tissue is shaved off from the back or side of the head. Then this strip is slivered into tiny pieces which get further sectioned into singular follicular units (the natural cluster of hair). The follicular units are then implanted on the recipient site. This method is best for quick treatment, even though the possibility of scarring remains high.
Deciding on an FUT or FUE hair transplant-
Both methods are beneficial to treat balding or thinning of hair, yet the choice is yours to choose the treatment that is best for you. You need to compare the surgery cost and scarring risks of both FUE and FUT before you decide on the right hair transplant.
It is always recommended that a hair transplant surgeon should assess the patient’s individual needs and advise on the best technique for each individual case.
Under normal circumstances FUT technique is favoured for larger hair transplants as the results are generally superior. For smaller hair transplants and the transplantation of scars and eyebrows often the FUE technique is the preferable option.