All About Anesthesia

All About Anesthesia


By Dr G.P. Dureja , Pain Management

Modern Surgery has been possible only after the inception of the ability to eliminate pain. This possibility has made many complicated surgeries possible and has facilitated new inventions in this field so as to combat pain the most effective and safe manner. An anaesthesia is given by an anaesthesiologist who undergoes years of training and practice so as to safely administer this procedure. We all should have basic knowledge about this procedure so as to be aware medically and to pass on this information for those in need of it. On the whole, there are 3 basic types of anaesthesia:

  • Local
  • Regional
  • General

The type of anaesthesia used for the surgical procedure is determined by various important factors such as the type of surgery that is being performed and the length of the surgery that takes place. Second is the health of the patient concerned, depending of the emergency of the condition the right kind of pain control is administered. Thirdly, it also depends on the choice of both the physician and the patient, the procedure that both are comfortable with is carried forward after deliberation.

Types of Anaesthesia-

  1. Local Anaesthesia: This type of anesthesia blocks the nerves in small and specific areas of the body. Anaesthesia in this case is used for minor surgeries and to stitch small wounds in the body. It is administered through injections, which might be painful in the beginning but is highly effective. It is also applied topically in the form of a cream or spray in the nose or throat. ocaine is used medically as a sprayed anesthetic to numb the inside of the nose and throat. For the removal of a growth on the surface of the skin, an anesthetic cream can be applied to numb the area.
  2. Regional Anaesthesia: This kind is used to numb larger areas/regions of the body for an extensive or invasive surgery. It is given when the surgery has to be performed the lower areas of the body such as the operation of the legs, a c-sec during childbirth or a prostrate operation. For example, if regional anesthesia is used for prostate surgery, the patient is numb from his navel to his toes. Some patients feel pressure or tugging during surgery performed under regional anesthesia.
  3. General Anaesthesia: This kind makes the patient completely unconscious during surgery with the patient having no memory of the operation. This method also carries certain complications and is used when other methods cannot be administered or the patient prefers to sleep during surgery. General anesthesia is given intravenously or inhaled through a breathing mask, and sometimes both methods are used. Sedation may also be given before the patient is taken into the operating room.