By Dr. Ayush Sharma, Dentistry
A root canal is a very common dental procedure that is used to repair and save a tooth which has decayed from within or has been infected badly. The nerve and pulp of your tooth are removed in root canal procedures and then the insides of the tooth are scraped and cleaned after which it is sealed with artificial sealants. The function of the nerves in your tooth is sensory and only provides the sensations of hot and cold. The absence of nerve does not affect in the day to day functions of teeth.
Root canal treatments are performed by dentists and would often require more than one visit..
- The first step is usually taking x-ray images to ascertain the requirements for the root canal treatment. It is mainly to check the signs of infections of the bone surrounding it and also map out the extent of the damage which needs to be filled.
- Then your dentist will apply an anesthesia to numb the surrounding areas of your tooth. This will stops any painful sensations reaching your brain while the procedure is being undertaken.
- Next a sheet of rubber may be applied to keep the area dry during the procedure. A hole to access the tissue will be drilled in your tooth and your dentist will remove the decayed nerve tissue, pulp, bacteria and other debris.
- A series of files for the root canal will be placed into the hole and used to scrub the sides of the root canals. Water will be used by your dentist to flush away any debris present in your tooth.
- Once your tooth is cleaned up your dentist will seal it up with specialized material. If it requires more than one appointment then a temporary filling may be applied to keep out saliva and food particles.
- The final step in root canal treatment is restoration of the tooth to enable it to function properly.
Once the procedure is done, you will feel absolutely normal, as you would have with your natural teeth. This is a very common procedure with a very high success rates and very few complications.