Pain After Surgery Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Pain After Surgery Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


By Dr. G.P. Dureja  , Pain Management

Pain after surgery is a very common issue. You may take measures to reduce the pain but it may worsen, depending on the type of symptoms the pain exhibits. In case of children, the parents need to watch out for signs like loss of appetite, lethargy and crying as these signs often indicate post-surgical pain.


Post-surgical pain is caused due to the incision and cuts made on the skin that stimulate the nerves to send pain signals to the brain. Once the body recovers completely, the pain automatically subsides. However, the intensity and duration of the pain depend on certain factors such as:

  1. If you have been or are a regular smoker, chances are that the pain will take longer to resolve.
  2. Other medical problems that you may be diagnosed with.
  3. Your overall health and body fitness levels.

In some cases, the pain lasting longer than usual can signal certain complications such as:

  1. Accumulation of body fluids or blood beneath the skin.
  2. The stitches made for the incisions opening up.
  3. An infection that may have developed at the site of the incision or the surgery; this can also lead to high fever in certain cases..
  4. Chest pain after a surgery if one has had sustained heart related complications prior to the surgery.

Note: Vomiting, abnormal bowel functions and abdominal cramps after rather common after any surgery, especially an abdomen surgery.

Treatment and After care-

  1. In order to reduce the pain and general discomfort, pain medications will be prescribed.
  2. You need to follow certain post-surgical care instructions to allow the wound to heal properly to prevent any further relapse of the pain. Some of the basic guidelines you need to adhere to are:
    1. Keep the wound dry and clean. When you take a bath, make sure you are covering the site of the wound with a piece of cotton so that it doesn’t get wet.
    2. Rest the affected part and keep the body part elevated, if possible.
    3. Eat well balanced meals to ensure optimal nourishment of the body.