The third and final set of teeth (molar) which people grow in their late teens or their early twenties is called wisdom teeth. When healthy and properly aligned, these teeth can prove to be very valuable asset to the mouth. However, they are usually misaligned and need removal.
When the wisdom teeth are not aligned they might be positioned in different ways. When alignment is poor, it damages the adjacent jawbone, teeth and nerves.
Wisdom teeth are either enclosed inside the soft tissue and/or the jawbone or partially erupt or break through the gum. An opening for bacteria is created due to partial eruption of the wisdom teeth. This causes an infection which results in swelling, pain, stiffness of the jaw and general illness. These teeth, which have been partially erupted are prone to gum diseases and tooth decay. This is due to their less-accessible location which makes brushing and flossing difficult.
The relative simplicity at which your dental specialist or oral specialist can remove your wisdom teeth relies upon their position and phase of development. A fully erupted wisdom can be extracted just as easily as any other article. However, a wisdom tooth that is located under the gums and fixed to the jawbone requires an incision into the gums followed by the removal of the portion of the teeth that is above the gums. A lengthy procedure is followed which includes sedation of the surrounding tissue and extraction of the tooth, either wholly or in small pieces.
Why You Might Need to Have Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?
Every patient is unique, but in general, wisdom teeth may need to be removed when there is evidence of changes in the mouth such as:
- Damage to neighboring teeth
- Gum disease
- Tooth decay (if it is not possible or desirable to restore the tooth)
Your dentist may also recommend removal of wisdom teeth as part of treatment for braces or other dental care.
Before making any decisions, your dentist will examine your mouth and take an x-ray. Together, you and your dentist can discuss the best course of treatment.
Keeping Your Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth that are not removed should continue to be monitored because the potential for developing problems later on still exists. As people age, they are at greater risk for health problems—and that includes potential problems with their wisdom teeth. Be sure to, floss around your wisdom teeth and visit your dentist regularly. Regular dental visits allow your dentist to evaluate your wisdom teeth and your overall dental health.
After extracting the wisdom tooth, the recovery period can include symptoms such as:
1. Facial Swelling
Complications of removing wisdom teeth include:
2. Dry Sockets