By Dr Anil Mehta, General Physician
Waterborne diseases tend to be very common during monsoons or during periods of natural calamities such as during a flood or cyclone. All waterborne diseases are caused by the presence of microorganisms in the drinking water. Water from flooded areas tend to carry toxic chemical wastes, salt and other suspended particles. Some examples of waterborne diseases are polio, cholera, diarrhea and dysentery. Consult a general physician online to get treated.
These diseases are transmitted by drinking contaminated water or food. There are various precautions that you can take to prevent yourself from these waterborne diseases:
- Always drink water that has been filtered and purified as water that has not been filtered may contain impurities.
- Clean vegetables and fruits before cooking or eating them.
- Consume foods that are warm and well-cooked.
- Avoid eating junk food that is prepared under unhygienic conditions. Junk foods also contain other substances that can wreak havoc on your body and weaken your immune system.
- Maintain proper defecation habits. Make sure that your toilets are clean and well sanitized.
- Buy bottled water when outside. If possible, carry filtered water from your home.
- Always wash your hands well or preferably take a bath after you’ve come back home from a hospital as hospitals are usually the thriving spot of all bacteria. Use an antibacterial soap to wash your hands clean.
- While cooking food, make sure to cook them at high temperatures in order to ensure no bacterial presence in them.
- Avoid swimming in naturally occurring rivers and ponds as they are usually infested with disease causing bacteria.