All About Skin Warts

All About Skin Warts

All About Skin Warts

By Dr Rohit Goel, Dermatology

Soft growths occurring on the genitals are called Genital Warts. Genital warts are infections that are sexually transmitted (STI). These are caused by certain aspects of the human papillomavirus (HPV). These growths on the skin cause discomfort, pain and itching. Even though these warts are generally not harmful, they are potentially embarrassing, ugly, and contagious.

Types-
There are five different types of warts, each occurring on a different part of the body. They are:

  1. Common Warts
  2. Plantar Warts
  3. Flat Warts
  4. Periungual Warts
  5. Filiworm Warts

Symptoms-
A doctor should be consulted if any of the following symptoms occur:

  • Occurrence of warts on the face or other sensitive parts of the body such as mouth, nostrils, genitals, etc.
  • The wart is painful
  • Bleeding or other infections around a wart
  • Change of colour of the wart

Treatment-
Even though warts go on their own, the process might be quickened using some common home treatments. It should be noted that since it is a contagious disease, care should be taken to prevent spreading.

Some of the home treatments include:

  1. Duct Tape
  2. Freezing treatment
  3. Treatment and Patches using Salicylic Acid

The doctor should be consulted if the home treatments are not working properly. It is recommended that you see a doctor if you have diabetes and have warts on your feet. Some the steps that the doctor would take include:

1. Usage of Liquid Nitrogen
2. Surgery

Prevention-
Warts can be prevented by:

  1. Regular cleansing of hands
  2. Not touching the warts
  3. Covering warts with a bandage