By Dr. Venkata Ramana, Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery
Laser resurfacing is a method of skin resurfacing that makes use of laser for treating minor flaws on the face or to enhance the overall skin appearance. It is usually done with two kinds of laser. One is ablative or wounding laser that eliminates thin skin layers and the other, being a non-ablative or non-wounding laser that boosts the growth of collagen and tightens up the underlying skin. Non-ablative laser resurfacing being less invasive requires little time for recovery. However it is not as effective as ablative laser resurfacing.
Carbon Dioxide laser and Erbium Lasers are the most widely used techniques of resurfacing.
Laser resurfacing can reduce the visibility of fine facial lines, improve complexion and skin tone in case of sun damage or scars.
Benefits of Laser Skin Resurfacing-
- It removes wrinkled and sun-damaged skin.
- It helps to get rid of pigmentation or skin defects such as age spots, liver spots, café-au-lait spots or port-wine stains.
- It does away with uneven texture or skin tone.
- It eliminates scars caused due to injuries, chicken pox, surgery, acne or trauma.
- Fractional laser skin resurfacing is used for treating miniscule columns of the skin.
- Plasma skin resurfacing utilizes plasma energy for destroying the lower skin layers without actually affecting the upper one.
- Superficial Erbium: YAG laser resurfacing, (wherein a lasing crystal is used for the process) being a mild laser treatment procedure, works well for minor wrinkles or other skin issues.
- Infrared laser resurfacing makes use of heat and is directed at the deeper skin layers in order to tighten and smoothen the skin.