Headaches or cephalalgia (pain in the region of head or neck) can occur as a symptom of a wide range of disorders including migraine, viral infection, insomnia, stress etc. They cause a throbbing pain in the head or neck region, sometimes extended down to the shoulders. Pain medication is the most often used remedy for headaches but they come with side effects and may become addictive. So, here are some other methods you can try to get relief from a headache:
1. Heat and chill
Pain balms help to reduce muscle pain. You can also place a cloth heated repeatedly on your forehead to relieve headaches caused by stress. A cool compress is helpful in case of inflammation in the veins due to sinuses or migraines. Lowering the temperature of the blood passing through the region can be helpful.
2. Acupuncture and acupressure
Long needles are inserted just below the skin to activate pressure points and treat chronic headaches; this is done in regular sessions by professionals. You can also practice acupressure by yourself to treat headaches by massaging the bone behind the ear, the shoulder muscles or the area between the thumb and the index finger.
3. Relaxation techniques
Simple yoga poses, meditation, deep breathing exercises and listening to binaural beats (separate tones with unidentical pitch) can help to calm your nerves and relieve throbbing pain. Progressive muscle relaxation i.e. alternately tensing and relaxing groups of muscles can help remedy most muscle aches.
4. Drink plenty of water
Headaches may occur due to dehydration. So, an individual should maintain an average intake of 2.5 liters of water a day. Avoid cold water during headaches.
5. Take a nap
A short nap might be one of the most effective cures of headaches. Find a quiet, dark, cool room and stretch your body completely before you sleep. Avoid bright light and loud sounds. Also don’t use products with strong fragrances when you have a headache.