Treating Diarrhea and Vomiting in Children

Treating Diarrhea and Vomiting in Children


By Dr. Lata Bhat, Pediatrics

Diarrhea and vomiting are common problems among most of the children. Most often diarrhea and vomiting happen together but they can occur alone too. Let’s have a quick overview on Diarrhea and vomiting-

Diarrhea is a bacterial infection in which there is an increase in the frequency of bowel movements. This also leads to thinning of stool. This can be mild but sometimes it can become life-threatening for children. Vomiting is followed by diarrhea. Vomiting lasts for up to two to three days but diarrhea lasts up to five to seven days.

What are the causes of Diarrhea and Vomiting?

Diarrhea is commonly caused by a bacterial/viral infection leading to increased frequency of passing stools in children. Other factors that lead to Diarrhea are:

  • Living in unhygienic environment.
  • Unhealthy Eating.
  • A viral infection.
  • Stomach problems.
  • Food poisoning.
  • Eating something you may have an allergy to.

A number of things contribute to the causes of diarrhea accompanied by vomiting. This is called gastroenteritis (a stomach bug), and it’s usually caused by a virus. Most stomach bugs are more common in children than breastfed babies.

What are the treatments available for Diarrhea and Vomiting?

There are large number of medications and treatments for diarrhea and vomiting. It quite a common disease and can be easily cured with the help of medications.

  • Avoid Dehydration: Encourage your child to drink lot of water and liquids as it results into diarrhea and other gastric problems.
  • Hygiene and Cleanliness: Maintain hygiene and cleanliness around you and your children. Try as far as possible to eat healthy and hygienic.
  • Medications: Don’t give your child any sort of medications to stop diarrhea. It’s best that any diarrhea (and the virus or bacteria that caused it) leaves the body.
  • Sleeping: Try to give your child a peaceful and calm sleep. If your child has diarrhea or vomiting, they may feel tired and irritable. Always place your baby on their back in their cot to sleep, as this position reduces the risk of sudden deaths in infancy. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician and ask a free question.