What Is Gonorrhea? What Causes It?

What Is Gonorrhea? What Causes It?

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By Dr. Anil Gaikwad , Sexology

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacterium known as ‘Neisseria Gonorrhoeae’. It affects parts of the body that are moist and warm such as the eyes, throat, anus, vagina and urethra. This disease is transmitted by unprotected anal, vaginal or oral sex; so unprotected sex and multiple sexual partners are probably the biggest risk factors.

Symptoms-

The symptoms of gonorrhea differ for men and women.

For men, the symptoms are:

  • Pain while urinating.
  • Swelling in the testicles.
  • Pus discharge from the tip of the penis.

For women, the symptoms are:

  • Pain while urinating.
  • Excessive discharge from the vagina.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Pain in the pelvic region.
  • Bleeding from the vagina after vaginal intercourse.

Apart from the genitals, it can affect other areas of the body such as the eyes, throat and the joints.

Tests-

There are multiple methods to diagnose this disease.

  1. Fluid samples can be taken from the affected area for diagnosis. A blood sample is then obtained and a stain is added to it. The sample is then examined to see if the cells react.
  2. Another procedure is to take a sample and allow it incubate in a dish. If the infection is present, growth of the gonorrhea bacteria can be observed.

Treatments-

The various treatments for gonorrhea are –

  • Antibiotics: Gonorrhea can be treated using antibiotics; cefixime and ceftriaxone are antibiotics administered with the help of injections whereas azithromycin is an antibiotic that can be consumed in the form of a tablet.