By Motherhood , Gynaecology
Are you pregnant? Well, if this is the question that is bothering you, then all you need to do is undergo a pregnancy test. However, there are several signs and symptoms which a woman experiences that indicate that she might be pregnant. Except for missed periods, there are many more symptoms, which may prove your pregnancy. The most common and earliest indications or symptoms of pregnancy are as follows:
- Missed period - If you are able to bear a child, and you miss your regular monthly period, there are chances that you are pregnant. If more than a week has passed and you don’t have your expected periods, pregnancy is indicated.
- Tender and swollen breasts - Tender and swollen breasts are observed during early pregnancy due to hormonal changes within your body. This is a common pregnancy symptom.
- Nausea with vomiting - Morning sickness is a primary symptom of pregnancy, which is experienced by a lot of women. Nausea, followed by vomiting can occur one month after getting pregnant, and it may be experienced during the day or night. This is likely to occur because of hormonal changes.
- Increased urination - Having an increased urge for urination may denote pregnancy. The amount of blood in the body gets increased during pregnancy, and this causes the kidneys to process additional fluids, which end up in the bladder.
- Fatigue - Fatigue is one of the earliest symptoms of pregnancy. Because of the increased levels of the hormone known as progesterone, you might feel tired and sleepy.
- Mood swings - The over production of hormones during early pregnancy can lead to mood swings in women. A woman tends to become weepy, extra sensitive and emotional.
- Bloating - A woman may feel bloated, which is a sign of pregnancy. This happens because of hormonal changes. A woman may feel similar to how she feels during the beginning of her menstrual periods.
- Spotting - Small amount of light spotting indicates pregnancy. This is called implantation bleeding and occurs when the fertilised egg gets attached to the uterus lining.
- Cramping - Mild uterine cramps are experienced by some women during the early stages of pregnancy.
- Constipation - The digestive system slows down due to hormonal changes, which may lead to constipation. A pregnant woman gets sensitive to certain smells, and a tendency of food aversion may develop.
- Nasal congestion - Due to increased hormone levels and enhanced production of blood, the mucous membrane in the nose may get dry, swollen and bleeding is likely. This may cause a runny or stuffy nose.
Many of these symptoms are not unique to pregnancy only and may denote other conditions such as getting sick or may indicate the start of monthly periods. In case you miss a period and experience some of the pregnancy symptoms, you should consult a doctor and take a pregnancy test.