The inability to conceive after indulging in unprotected sex is known as infertility. It can also be referred to the biological incapability of a male to impregnate a woman. Research has shown that female problems contribute to over half of all the infertility cases while a majority of the other causes include sperm disorders.
Treatment of infertility depends on:
- Cause of Infertility
- Duration of Infertility
- Age of both partners
- Personal preferences
Treatment of infertility might involve a significant amount of psychological, physical, time and financial commitments.
In men, treatment is done for lack of a healthy sperm or general sexual problems. The treatments include:
- Change in lifestyle
- Sperm retrieval
Even though it is possible to restore fertility in women using only one or two therapies, a number of treatments might be required before conception is possible. Consult a sexologist for understanding your personalized case. Some of these treatments include:
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs
- Surgery to restore fertility
In situations where pregnancy does not happen spontaneously, Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) can be used by couples to achieve pregnancy. It is a form of fertility treatment which involves the handling of sperms and eggs. The entire ART team consists of psychologists, physicians, embryologists, nurses and lab technicians.
One common ART technique is In vitro fertilization (IVF). It is a process where an egg and sperm is manually combined in a laboratory dish, followed by transfer of embryo to the uterus. Some aspects involved in an IVF cycle are:
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
- Assisted hatching
- Donor eggs or sperm
- Gestational carrier
Some complications capable of occurring during treatment of infertility are:
- Multiple pregnancy
- Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS)
- Infection or bleeding