By Dr. Avinash Wankhede , Cardiology
One of the most crucial aspects of lowering the risk of cardiovascular disease and coronary artery disease is the management of health parameters. When you go for health checkup from time to time, it will be easier for you to keep track of the risk factors, diet quality, blood pressure, body mass index, and blood cholesterol which are a few of the important factors for your heart health. It will be easier for your doctor to monitor your heart health and take measures in the first place.
What are the key aspects of regular health checkup and their benefits?
Here are some of the most important screening tests available for monitoring the cardiovascular health:
- Body weight: This is perhaps the most important determinant of good health. During your visit to your doctor, he may ask you your waist circumference or utilize the body weight for calculation of your BMI. These measurements are able to indicate whether you have a healthy body weight and composition. When you are obese, you are at a high risk of a host of health issues like stroke, congestive heart failure, heart disease, atrial fibrillation and a lot more.
- Blood pressure: Since high blood pressure doesn’t have any symptom as such, it is crucial to measure it. When you opt for regular blood pressure checkup, you can keep heart diseases and stroke at bay. Also, if your blood pressure is lower than 120/80mm Hg, you should check it once a year at least. On the other hand, if your blood pressure is higher, it is advised to check it more often.
- Blood cholesterol: Doctors advise that you should have a fasting lipoprotein profile done after every 3 to 5 years from the age of 20. This type of blood test helps in measuring the total cholesterol level, LDL, and HDL levels. When you opt for the test more often, it will be easier for your health care provider to determine whether you are at an increased risk of heart disease or stroke.
- Blood glucose: Everyone knows that having high blood sugar levels indicates an increased risk of developing prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. If diabetes is left untreated, it can cause a serious threat to your health including stroke and heart disease. If you are not within the healthy weight range and have been affected by one cardiovascular risk factor, your healthcare provider may recommend a blood glucose test.
Besides the routine tests done during a medical checkup, your doctor may suggest measures to improve your lifestyle and diet habits to maintain a good cardio health. Thus, as a general standard, people above 40 years must undergo a health screening every year while others between 30 and 40 years can opt for once-in-two-years screening to prevent heart problems.