By Dr Pawan Sthapak , Ophthalmology
Among other things which age does to you, the most painful is vision loss. Most of us are bestowed with clarity of vision, something that we tend to take for granted for the longest time. Therefore the sudden blow of age is difficult to deal with and takes a long time to recuperate from. There are several reasons that contribute to vision loss in elderly people. Some of them are-
- Glaucoma: The damage of glaucomatous nerve leads to a host of disorders, commonly known as Glaucoma. It is generally caused due to mounting pressure near the eye cavity. It has emerged as the leading cause of blindness among elderly people. Those who suffer from glaucoma generally suffer from tunnel vision that further deteriorates into complete blindness.
- Cataracts: Sometimes, mostly with advancing age, the naturally produced proteins in the body tend to cloud the lens of the eyes interfering with the vision. This condition is easily identifiable as the pupil or the iris become visibly cloudy. This condition leads to a loss of vision but initially it damages an individual’s ability to distinguish between colors. It almost always accompanies age and often surgical intervention is required. Over the years, cataract has emerged as one of the most fatal eye conditions that inevitably leads to loss of vision if not treated at the right time.
- Age Related Macular Degeneration: Age Related Macular Degeneration or AMD as it is known in medical parlance, is an extremely painful and difficult condition, one that though ensures that the peripheral vision is restored, completely unsettles the primary vision. If you are suffering from it, you fail to concentrate on anything in particular.