Chronic Kidney Disease: Know Its Causes and Symptoms!

Chronic Kidney Disease: Know Its Causes and Symptoms!


By Dr. Sunil Prakash, Nephrology

Chronic kidney disease, which is also known as chronic kidney failure, may be defined as the slowdown of kidney functions and its eventual failure. Generally, one experiences very few symptoms during the early stages of chronic kidney failure. But as the condition worsens, the symptoms become more severe.

Certain symptoms of this condition are:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lack of appetite
  • Fatigue and feeling weak all the time
  • Problems with getting sleep
  • Fluctuation in the output of urine
  • Decreased level of concentration and mental alertness
  • Muscles cramps
  • Hiccups
  • Swelling of the feet and ankle region
  • Continuous itching
  • If there is fluid build-up along the heart lining, it can also cause pain
  • Difficulty in breathing, in case of fluid build-up in the lungs
  • High blood pressure
  • Earliest Symptoms Are: passing more urine specially at night, Frothing in urine, Inability to reproduce

The signs of kidney failure are quite nonspecific and may indicate another condition too.

The causes of chronic kidney failure:

Chronic kidney failure is generally the outcome of kidney impairment, due to a specific health condition. The damage to the kidneys happens over a period of time, which may vary from some months to a year.
Health conditions and diseases that can cause chronic kidney failure are-

  1. Diabetes- Type 1 and Type 2
  2. High blood pressure
  3. Glomerulonephritis, which basically is inflammation of the glomeruli (filtering units of the kidney)
  4. Interstitial nephritis which stands for the inflammation of the tubules of the kidney
  5. Polycystic kidney disease
  6. Obstruction of the urinary tract for a long time, due to an enlarged prostate or kidney stones
  7. Vesicoureteral reflux, known to be a condition which results in the urine to back up into the kidneys
  8. Pyelonephritis (repeated infection in the kidneys)
  9. DM high BP and obesity are responsible for 70 % of kidney damage
  10. Pollution of food and water chain are also damaging kidneys

Thus if you have any of the above medical conditions, avoid painkillers and alternative medicines. It is essential that you consult a doctor.