Teen Depression – Understand it and Treat it!!

Teen Depression – Understand it and Treat it!!

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By Dr. K V Anand, Psychology

Depression has been a major issue especially among teenagers now-a-days. It has increased from over a century till now. It has also increased a number of disorders in teenagers including mental dis-functioning, rapid weight loss or weight gain and many others. A better understanding of depression can do a world of good to us.

What is a teenage depression?

Teenage depression is a serious mental disorder or brain illness commonly referred to adolescent depression. It has a serious impact on mental health that also hinders a person’s thinking, feeling and emotional capabilities.

How can you spot the depression in teens?

There are a lot of signs and symptoms that may lead to depression diagnosis. These may include:

  • Appetite changes.
  • Feeling sad, irritable, or tearful.
  • Rapid weight-gain or weight loss.
  • Lack of interest in activities.
  • Decrease in energy.
  • Facing difficulty in concentration.
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness.
  • Insomnia.
  • Regular complaints of boredom.
  • Suicidal attempts.
  • Lack of interaction among friends.
  • Having bad school performance.

For a better understanding let’s get to know its causes-

A number of causes take part in airing depression among teenagers. Some of them are:

  1. Brain Changes: One of the main causes is the abnormal activity of the brain in which the brain starts exhibiting irregularities in mood and behavior.
  2. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes also affect the mental health e.g. lack of estrogens or testosterones or went through a hormonal therapy.
  3. Traumatic Life Incidents: Traumatic incidents like loss of a parent or physical, emotional, or sexual abuse can leave lasting effects on a child’s brain that could contribute to depression.
  4. Family History: Children who have close relatives with depression, especially a parent or siblings, are more likely to have depression themselves.
  5. Negative Thinking: Those teens that are constantly exposed to pessimist approach from their parents are more liable to adapt negative thoughts and develop depression.

What are the available treatments for teen depression?

  1. Use of antidepressants.
  2. Psychotherapies.
  3. Sound Sleep.
  4. Balanced diet.
  5. Exercise.
  6. Abstain Excess Caffeine Intake.
  7. Avoid alcohol.