By Dr. S Radhakrishnan Nair , Cosmetic Physician
Acne is one of the most common skin problems. As many as one in two people suffer from the condition, acne vulgaris is the most common type followed by acne rosacea and the more severe acne conglobate.
More boys than girls suffer from acne and it often co-occurs with the onset of puberty, as testosterone levels rise. The increase in testosterone happens in all teenagers, yet it is thought that excess conversion to a more powerful form, DHT (dihydrotestosterone) may contribute to acne. It is likely that there is some hormonal involvement in the condition, yet dietary and environmental factors, stress and gut health can all cause acne.
If your skin is acne prone, you will tend to develop dark spots too. Both conditions can be well treated.
Acne requires a proper medical treatment and post acne care for dark spots/scars which are commonly associated with acne. Apart from medical treatment which includes medicines for local application and oral medications if required, for long term benefits advanced treatments available.
These are Chemical peels, RF therapy, enriched oxygen therapy and microneedling therapy. These are highly recommended. These not only cure acne but also lead to significant improvement in the appearance of dark spots and scars. Treatment is done based on the severity of the condition.