By Dr. (Mrs.) Pulkit Nandwani, Gynaecology
Endometrial polyps is a common abnormality of the uterine lining and found in many women. These are small growths, which are found attached to the inner uterine wall. Such polyps occur due to the excessive growth of the endometrial lining. In some cases, the polyps are small and the circular growth that can grow maximum to the size of a golf ball. There may be one or several polyps present. Usually, these polyps are benign, causing problems only with menstruation and fertility.
Treatment of Endometrial polyps:
Several methods of treatment can be used for curing uterine polyps, although many cases of such polyps disappear on their own. Here is how endometrial polyps is treated.
- Waiting period - If your doctor finds your polyp to be small, asymptomatic or benign, it is likely that he would want to you to stay in observation and wait for some time. It is possible for the polyp to disappear by itself.
- Medications - Medicines are used for treatment of uterine polyps when several symptoms are observed. Hormonal medicines are prescribed, which help in shrinking the polyps. These medicines are usually given for a short term duration while the polyps are being observed.
- Curettage - Curettage may be used for the removal of endometrial polyps. A curettage is inserted into the uterus through the vagina, and the loop at the end is used for scraping off polyps present on the inner uterine wall. A viewing instrument called a hysteroscope is used in the process.
- Surgical means - In case of the presence of multiple polyps, surgery may be recommended by the doctor for removing them. The process is undertaken using a surgical device which is inserted into the uterus via the hysteroscope tube. In case of cancerous polyps, surgery is the only treatment option. In severe cases where there are several cancerous polyps, a hysterectomy surgery has to be carried out in which the entire uterus is removed. This method is used when all other procedures have failed to provide ideal results.
Some effective herbs include:
- Goldenseal, the roots of which have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties. It helps to reduce tissue growth, pain and inflammation due to endometrial polyps.
- Cayenne pepper or red chili pepper is another essential herb, which effectively shrinks polyps by boosting blood circulation and capillary functioning.
- Garlic, flax plant, green tea, angelica, red raspberry leaf and marshmallow are other effective herbs for treating uterine polyps.
Uterine polyps may develop due to several factors. Being in a constant state of tension and stress, being post-menopausal and pre-menopausal or being obese are some of the factors.