By Dr. Savyasachi Saxena, Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT)
Nasal congestion is not something which is nice to have, to say the least. There are a wide variety of reasons as to why this happens. They range from allergies to acute sinusitis to dry air and even stress, among a lot of others. So, how does one deal with nasal discharge?
The treatment of a case such as this usually requires a doctor. A doctor should be consulted if the symptoms last for more than 10 days. In addition, if the nasal discharge occurs along with a fever or it has a colour such as green or yellow, it could be the signs of an infection. In such a situation, it is very important that a doctor is consulted as soon as possible.
Getting Rid of a Stuffy Nose
If the issue is not bad enough to warrant calling a doctor, what can be done is the nose can be blown gently to clear out the discharge. This will help air enter the nasal airways more easily.
It is important to keep in mind that if one is secreting discharge from the nose; water is to be drunk, as it normally results in the discharge becoming thinner. There are some things which aggravate the nose under normal circumstances and exposes oneself to them when the nose is blocked and running would only make matters worse. These things include cigarette smoke and sudden changes in humidity.
In order to prevent a bad situation from becoming worse, it is good to be proactive. So, some saline nasal sprays can be used to reduce the risk of further deterioration of the area in the form of a bad infection or anything else.
Know the Causes
Due to the range of things which can cause nasal discharge, accurate treatment is important and this is mostly the case why a doctor’s expertise is needed. A viral infection may cause it in quite a few cases. Encephalitis is a result of a viral infection and results in the brain tissue swelling up. It is very serious and a person who is suspected to have it should be rushed to a doctor so as to prevent any permanent damage. Here is the list-
- Acute sinusitis
- Chronic sinusitis
- Common cold
- Decongestant nasal spray overuse
- Drug addiction (substance use disorder)
- Dry air
- Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s granulomatosis)
- Hormonal changes
- Influenza (flu)
- Lodged object
- Nasal polyps
- Nonallergic rhinitis
- Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
It may be odd but in some cases, medicines themselves can cause nasal discharge though they were supposed to make the patient better. If one believes this to be the case, the doctor should be called and provided with a list of all medicines, which are being taken so that an accurate set of alternatives can be provided which do not cause this sort of reaction.