By Dr. Ankit Bhartia, Orthopaedics
Rickets is a condition that influences the growth of bones in youngsters. It gives rise to delicate feeble bones, which tend to become bow-shaped or bent. It is a condition that exclusively occurs in children. It is most commonly diagnosed in kids between the age of three and four. The primary signs and side effects of rickets include a distorted or disfigured skeleton, pain, delicate bones and poor growth.
The most widely recognised reason for rickets is the absence or deficiency of vitamin D in large amounts. Newborn children who are breastfed may also have vitamin D deficiency. Breast milk does not supply the correct measure of vitamin D. This can be a specific issue for children who tend to become darker in winter months (when there are lower levels of daylight).
Sometimes the processing or retention of fats is diminished, which makes it more troublesome for vitamin D to be absorbed by the body.
The connection between vitamin D and rickets has been known for a long time and is surely known by specialists and researchers. In case that your child does not get enough of the minerals expected to maintain sound and solid bones, or enough vitamin D, the bones cannot form a hard exterior. This is the reason they turn out to be delicate and weak.
The sort of rickets that is brought on by an absence of vitamin D and different minerals can be completely averted by ensuring your child gets enough vitamin D and calcium. Kids with extreme insufficiency may have a delicate skull or leg bones. Their legs may look bent. They may likewise experience bone pain, frequently in the legs, and muscle pain in the body.
Rickets, if exceptionally serious, can bring about low levels of calcium in the blood. This can lead to muscle issues, fits (seizures) and breathing troubles. These need critical healing and treatment.
Your child can get the vitamin D from breast milk or from a baby formula powder with vitamin D in it. However, in the case that you do not have at least a normal amount of vitamin D in your body, even the breast milk will not give much vitamin D. In this case, you will have to give your child vitamin D supplements. Hence, kids can either take vitamin D supplements, or get vitamin D by exposing their skin to the sun.
Dietary sources of vitamin D include fish and liver. Exposure to direct sunlight is encouraged. In case a metabolic issue causes rickets, a medicine for vitamin D supplements might be required.