Hair Loss: What Can Be The Exact Cause?

Hair Loss: What Can Be The Exact Cause?


By Dr. Sameera Selia, Unani,

Do you frequently complain of hair loss? Tired of seeing those precious strands spread all over the washroom tiles? Have you ever given a thought to what this could be? Is it only hair fall, or any other underlying medical condition manifesting in such a form? Read more to help yourself…

Persistent and stubborn hair loss can be indicative of a few underlying disorders or conditions. Some of them could be:

  1. Male- pattern baldness: Male pattern hair loss, also known as androgenic alopecia, is one of the most common and primary causes of hair loss in men who are above the age of 50. It’s a genetic disease primarily caused by imbalances in the male sex hormones.
  2. Hypothyroidism: The body’s metabolism is controlled by the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is a condition that is characterized by an underactive thyroid gland, that is, when the thyroid gland cannot produce sufficient amounts of the thyroid hormone. This condition affects one’s energy reserves, bone structure, muscle strength, and results in weakness and chemical imbalances which are responsible for the subsequent loss of hair.
  3. Hyperthyroidism: This is a condition wherein the thyroid gland secretes excessive thyroid hormone. A common cause of hair loss, this disorder generally yields symptoms such as weight loss, irregularity in sleep patterns and general weakness.
  4. Alopecia Areata: This is an autoimmune condition that results in hair fall, from small and random patches on the scalp. The actual factor causing it is yet unknown, but most commonly affects ones suffering from hereditary rheumatoid arthritis or Type 1 diabetes.
  5. Malnutrition: Nutritional deficiency is a condition that develops when one doesn’t eat enough for the necessary absorption of nutrients by the body, thus resulting in weakness and a battery of other health complications. The deficiency in the vitamins and minerals, owing to an improper diet, is the major factor that adversely impacts one’s hair growth. This is considered to be more of a risk factor for children as compared to adults.
  6. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Trauma sustained from any recent (or bygone) circumstance, activity or an event and depression contribute to this particular psychiatric condition. Acute stress, anxiety and tension arising out of this condition are the common factors at the helm of hair fall.
  7. Hodgkin’s Disease: It is a type of cancer that affects the immune system or the cells of human body; primarily a cancer of the lymphatic system. The count of the white blood cells- the cells which are responsible for protecting the body against diseases and other foreign invaders, suffers an imbalance when affected by this particular type of cancer; following which this condition spreads throughout the body.
  8. Hashimoto’s Disease: It’s a rare condition that damages the thyroid gland’s ability to secrete the thyroid hormone. It’s also known as chronic thyroiditis.