By Dr. Arun Muthuvel, IVF Speciality,
In-vitro fertilization or IVF is a very useful procedure for people trying to conceive. Countless couples and single mothers every year take advantage of the IVF procedure to get pregnant and give birth to healthy offspring. However, like most medical procedures, IVF has some benefits, but also some adverse effects. If you are looking to take advantage of the procedure, the best way to prepare yourself is to get a better idea of the advantages and disadvantages of the process.
Advantages of IVF
- The biggest advantage of IVF is that it can help an woman get pregnant, when conception does not occur naturally. Reasons for the failure in the natural conception may include male infertility, blocked fallopian tubes and polycystic ovarian syndrome.
- IVF is a certified and safe medical procedure, which does not pose any risk to the life of the mother. The first IVF case took place in 1978 and since then the technology has improved by leaps and bounds.
- IVF is a very viable option for same sex couples and single women to conceive. In case of a single woman, a sperm sample is chosen from a donor. This sample is then used to fertilize the eggs from the woman in question. In such a way, the single woman is able to conceive a pregnancy containing her own DNA.
- Rate of successful pregnancy and birth is much higher for the IVF procedure than it is for the IUI process or for any other assisted pregnancy techniques.
- Embryos created through the IVF procedure can be screened for genetic diseases and abnormalities. For instance, doctors can test for the presence of Huntington’s disease and some other conditions during the initial stages of the pregnancy.
Disadvantages of IVF
- IVF treatment is divided into different cycles. A woman may need to undergo numerous cycles of treatment in order to get fertilized and conceive a child. Going for numerous cycles can be difficult for some people.
- Since many eggs are fertilized with the sperm sample and implanted into the mother at once, there is a higher risk of conceiving twins or triplets. According to research, multiple births also increases the chance of congenital disorder among the offspring.
- IVF treatments are generally quite expensive. The fact that multiple cycles are needed for the treatment to work, only increases the problem. Most people will not be able to afford multiple cycles of IVF, which could also mean that the treatment will not work.
- IVF also takes a toll on the woman undergoing the treatment as well as those who are close to the patient. For the prospective mother, IVF may be difficult physically as well as emotionally.
If you think that IVF is the best way for you to conceive, consult a doctor and ask what you need to do for initiating the treatment.