By Dr. Ameya S Kanakiya, Gynaecology,
A vaginal yeast infection is characterized by itching, irritation and discharge from the vagina. This disorder is not transmitted sexually; however, can be transmitted by oral sex. There are medications which can treat the disorder effectively. If the disorder is recurrent, then the treatment course may be longer than usual.
The symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are:
- You may experience a burning sensation in the vagina during sexual intercourse.
- Intense itching and irritation at the opening of the vagina.
- Curdy white discharge
- Pain in the vagina.
Vaginal yeast infection is usually caused by a fungus called Candida Albicans. It is a part of the normal vaginal flora. Any disruption in the bacteria in this normal flora causes an overgrowth of the fungus and leads to a vaginal fungal infection. The fungus can be transferred to and fro between men and women during sex. But since it is a part of the normal flora and not introduced specifically by sexual contact, candidiasis is not considered as a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Disruption of the normal vaginal flora is caused due to a pH change and occurs in conditions like diabetes, pregnancy, prolonged usage of antibiotics, birth control pills, weak immune defense etc.
The treatments for this disorder involve the following methods:
- Single Dose Oral Medication: You may be prescribed a single dose of anti-fungal medication to combat the symptoms of a yeast infection.
- Vaginal Therapy: You may have to undergo a short therapy of the vagina consisting of anti- fungal ointments and tablets.
There are certain preventive measures that you can adopt to reduce the possibilities of developing a yeast infection. Wear cotton clothes and avoid wearing tight fitting undergarments. Don’t stay in your wet clothes for long hours as that may do much harm.