By Dr. Varun Singla, Pain Management,
Endoscopic discectomy is a very common form of spinal surgery that specializes in treating slipped discs, sciatica of herniated discs of the lower back, mid back, as well as the arms and the neck. This is one of the most non-invasive surgical procedures that are in existence in modern medicine.
What exactly is endoscopic discectomy?
Endoscopic discectomy involves treatment of spinal issues such as slipped disc and sciatica using extremely effective non-invasive techniques. As compared to conventional discectomy or tubular discectomy, endoscopic discectomy is carried out with the help of an optical endoscope (equipped with a camera) which is inserted into the skin and down to the slipped disc via a small incision. This allows the surgeon to see the disc as well as the tissues surrounding it very clearly, following which the surgical procedure is performed using various instruments that are passed down through the endoscopic tube.
What are the benefits of an endoscopic discectomy?
As compared to conventional discectomy methods, endoscopic discectomy has a plethora of advantages, which include:
- It is a minimally invasive surgery that treats slipped discs and sciatica without tearing open the muscles and tissues of the patient, resulting in minimal blood loss.
- Due to the minuscule size of the incision made on the skin for inserting the endoscope, there is minimal formation of any scar tissue.
- The surgical procedure in itself is very short, and patients are allowed to go home on the day of the surgery itself.
- It is the safest surgical method that does not affect spinal mobility at all, ensuring that the patient feels relief immediately after the treatment.
- The recovery time for the surgery is extremely short, with most patients being able to resume all normal activities within one week itself.
What are the risk factors for endoscopic discectomy?
Every surgical procedure carries with itself a certain set of risk factors and potential causes for complications, and the same goes for endoscopic discectomy. While an endoscopic discectomy is generally considered to be a very safe process, with very few patients suffering from post-operative issues, certain specific problems such as infection, bleeding, numbness and paralysis may result due to prior problems with the patient’s general health.
Endoscopic discectomy is one of the most preferred forms of surgery used in modern medicine today, and it is the safest and most effective way of treating slipped/herniated discs and sciatica.