Hypertension And Pregnancy: Here Are The Facts!

Hypertension And Pregnancy: Here Are The Facts!


By Dr. Tejaswi Kamble Kamble,Gynaecology

Blood pressure can be defined as how hard the blood pushes itself against the walls of the artery when the heart beats. A considerable amount of pressure is required for the circulation of blood throughout the body, but an excess can really cause complications. A blood pressure count above the reading of 140/90 (mmHg) can be termed as High Blood Pressure or Hypertension. High blood pressure can have symptoms such as severe headaches and anxiety, short breaths and nose-bleeds. Any kind of hyper-tension (whether before or after your conception) can prove to be detrimental for your baby.

How does Hypertension affect pregnancy?

  1. Preeclampsia: Wherein the high blood pressure develops after the 20th week of pregnancy accompanied by presence of protein in urine and disruption in the function of certain organs.
  2. Chances of conceiving a baby of abnormally small size also increase.
  3. Chances of a Caesarian surgery also go up.
  4. Placental abruption wherein the placenta separates itself from the walls of the uterus much before the birth of the baby.
  5. Preterm Delivery.
  6. Preeclampsia aggravates risks of heart diseases and other cardio-vascular disorders.
  7. Decreased blood flow to the placenta (the organ that nourishes the baby) that cuts sufficient oxygen and nutrients supply to the baby.

Signs and Symptoms-

  1. Severe persistent headache.
  2. Abnormal swelling.
  3. Vision problems such as blurriness, double vision, temporary vision loss or extreme sensitivity to light.
  4. Tenderness or intense pain in the upper part of the abdomen.
  5. Vomiting or a feeling of nausea.
  6. Decreased urination.
  7. Impaired functioning of the liver.
  8. Presence of protein in urine.

Self-care for low blood pressure during pregnancy-

  1. avoid getting up quickly from seated or lying positions.
  2. try not to stand for long periods of time.
  3. eat small meals throughout the day.
  4. don’t take very hot baths or showers.
  5. drink more water.
  6. wear loose clothing.