By Dr. Pratik Savaj, General Physician
Diseases can be hard to deal with, especially if they are so major, they warrant surgery. There are medical bills to be taken care of, the heavy recuperation that needs to be done by your organs post-surgery, and not to mention the threatening possibility of a relapse.
However, there is one more area in surgical medical care that needs to be paid attention to. That is the post-operative care arena, with special attention to prevention of infection at the site of surgery. Post-operative care entails taking care of the patient post-surgery in such a way that they recover completely. This might include cooking convalescent meals, reducing the amount of physical work the patient has to do, and placing them in quarantine if they bear possibilities of infecting other people.
Here are a few ways you can do that-
• Bring your blood sugar down to acceptable levels
High and uncontrolled diabetes levels make for difficult and inconvenient surgery on the part of the patient. Skin and tissues weaken, and healing processes are severely impaired. Therefore, at the site of surgery, the skin and tissue become weaker and easier to damage. Moreover, the healing, both of the wound and the skin around it, take far longer. Therefore, you should try to keep your diabetes in check by sticking to a high-fibre diet, and exercising regularly.
• Avoid frequent contact with the site of operation
Frequently touching the site of surgery can introduce germs and microbes into it. This can often lead to contamination and infection of the wound/injury. Therefore, touching of the site should be limited to a minimum, particularly if it is not dressed. The surgeon who is operating on you should also be encouraged to use a sterilizer on his hands for all contact purposes.
• Avoid soaking or submerging of the operated part in water for some time
Avoid bathing or soaking the operated body part in water for at least 2 weeks following surgery. Many complications may arise due to it, otherwise. The incision line may lose firmness and never heal completely, water may seep into the wound, and glues or medical adhesives holding the wound in place might quit showing effect. Therefore, you are advised to not even indulge in wet spa treatments in this duration.
• Monitor the site very closely
Monitor the site of surgery for uncommon medical conditions very closely, daily. Look for pus or whitish discharges, or look for signs that have not been predicted by the doctor.
• Be in constant touch with your doctor
Have your surgeon’s number on speed dial if you can. You should constantly inform them of your present condition, and ask them what best to do for quick recovery. If you notice anything wrong with your healing process, like pus or watery discharges, those could be the sign of another disease or underlying infection – notify your surgeon immediately.
Post-operative care after a surgery is as important as care during surgery. This is so because good care taken during this time substantially reduces the risks of infection and a relapse. Therefore, you should stick to the tips given above, and wish for a speedy recovery!