By Indira Ivf, IVF Speciality
In-vitro fertilization is a process of artificial reproductive technology, and this process helps people conceive a child by extracting eggs from the mother and collecting sperm from the father and fusing them together under laboratory conditions. Later, this fused egg is implanted inside the mother for development of the foetus.
A decade ago, In-vitro fertilisation was taboo, something too scandalous to talk about. Nowadays, it has been normalised to some extent, since IVF works and gives exemplary results. However, even after results, good testimonies and advanced technology, there are myths that diminish the efforts and motivation of the people who want to conceive a baby.
This article is about busting the myths surrounding In-vitro fertilization.
Myth 1: IVF Causes Multiple Gestation
Ovaries may be stimulated that can lead to causing multiple eggs, but just before the fertilisation process takes place, these are extracted. After fertilization, these embryos are implanted into the uterus one at a time. So, in IVF one can control how many eggs they want to be implanted with. Even in natural fertilisation, a person doesn’t have control over such a thing as they have with IVF. Multiple gestation only causes when there is a superovulation due to hormone injections, if the dosages aren’t taken correctly. But the chances of superovulation are very rare and only 12% of IVF pregnancies make twins.
Myth 2: Pregnancy is Guaranteed
Though IVF is very successful when it comes to artificial reproductive technologies, it still doesn’t guarantee pregnancy. Let’s look at the success rate of IVF
47% women below the age of 35 have success with IVF.
42% of the women belonging from age 35-37 have success with IVF.
Only 33% of the women belonging to the age group 38-40 have success with IVF
22% of the women belonging to the age 41-42 get success with IVF
Myth 3: Frozen Embryos Cause Birth Defects
Frozen Embryos or Vitrification (Flash freezing) is a process where extra eggs are stored and frozen, so that if the fused eggs don’t lead to pregnancy, the remaining eggs can be fused again. The frozen eggs are completely safe to use, and there is no evidence of any birth defects happening more in babies forming from frozen embryos.
Myth 4: Needles are Huge
Gonadotropin injection needles that are actually very small, but repeated use of it can lead to mild bruising and irritation.
Myth 5: Ovarian Stimulation Causes Cancer
There is no whatsoever evidence that suggests that gonadotropin stimulation causes cancer, there are some reports that suggest ovarian tumors but they are less than 1% of the cases and they’re not malignant.
Conclusion: These are some of the myths, but many studies have proven that IVF treatment is one of the most successful treatments these days to get rid of infertility. It resolves the infertility problem and helps many parents to conceive a child.