By Dr. Manisha Arora, Gynaecology
Several women suffering from different gynaecological disorders may require the removal of the uterus or womb at certain points of time, due to a variety of reasons. Such a procedure is usually done through a surgical procedure known as a hysterectomy, where the surgeon extracts the uterus through either the abdomen or the vagina. However, in the recent times, doctors are utilizing another less invasive process to remove the womb, known as ‘laparoscopic surgery’.
What is laparoscopic surgery?
While both abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies involve larger incisions on the body of the patient, the laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive. The surgeon uses a small device known as a laparoscope to conduct the procedure. A laparoscope is a tube-like device with a light and a camera on its end. It allows the surgeon to observe and operate on a region with a very small incision.
In case of a laparoscopic hysterectomy, the surgeon does not make one large incision but makes a number of very small cuts along the belly. The uterus is then cut into small pieces with the help of the laparoscope. A pouch-like substance is used to extract the pieces of the uterus from the body through the different incisions.
When is laparoscopic hysterectomy used?
Your doctor may call in for a laparoscopic hysterectomy in one of the following cases-
• Uncontrollable, abnormal bleeding in the vagina
• People suffering from endometriosis may need to undergo the surgery. Endometriosis is a painful condition that occurs due to the growth of uterine tissue outside the uterus.
• If the uterus has dropped down into the vagina, it may cause health abnormalities. Under such a circumstance, the surgery may be necessary.
Advantages of laparoscopic hysterectomy:
Laparoscopic hysterectomy is greatly beneficial due to a number of reasons-
• The surgeon makes very small incisions in the body. Therefore, the chances of excessive bleeding or other injuries are quite low.
• Due to the smaller incisions, the rate of recovery and the time spent in the hospital after the surgery is low. Patients usually recuperate complete in just a couple of weeks and can even engage in day-to-day activities within a few months.
If you are about to undergo a hysterectomy, consult your physician and inquire about the laparoscopic procedure and whether you qualify for the lesser invasive surgery.