By Looks Forever Hair And Skin Aesthetic Clinic, Dermatology
Male pattern hair loss is the most common form of baldness in men. More than 50% of men suffering from baldness carry the symptoms of male pattern baldness. It is commonly genetic in nature. Hair transplant is the most expensive, but successful treatment for male pattern baldness.
Genetics contributes to about 95% of male pattern hair loss. If one carries it in their genes, the hair follicles underneath the scalp can become highly sensitive to a specific hormone. This hormone is known as Dihydrotestosterone and is blamed for the shrinking of hair follicles. As the follicles become smaller, the new hair becomes thinner, finer and shorter. As time passes by, hair growth becomes tardy. Ultimately, it reaches a point where there is no growth of hair at all.
Male pattern hair loss has a distinctive pattern. It starts with receding hairline and thinning hair strands around the crown. As time passes by, this area goes bald. It leaves the person with some hair just above the ears and back of the head in a horseshoe pattern. If one has it in, he/she may start to lose hair as early as early teenage.
Treatment for male pattern hair loss is multifaceted. It mostly depends on the extent of hair loss.
● Minoxidil - This is a medicine to be applied on the scalp. It may slow hair loss and stimulate hair follicles to grow hair. It takes about a year for results to be visible. However, hair loss may recur if medicine is stopped.
The person may suffer from side effect like dryness, scaling, burning and irritation of the scalp. In case of serious side effects like breathing trouble, weight gain, swelling in face and extremities, breathing trouble, chest pain etc., the person needs to visit a doctor urgently.
● Finasteride - This is an oral medicine that may slow down hair loss. It blocks the production of Dihydrotestosterone, the hormone responsible for deactivating the hair follicles. It has a higher success rate compared to minoxidil. But similar to minoxidil, hair loss returns when the medicine is stopped.
Side effects may include breast tenderness, depression, itching, breast growth, swelling in face, pain during ejaculation etc.
● Hair Transplants
In this treatment, hair is harvested from areas of good growth in the scalp and transplanted on the balding areas of the scalp. The person may need multiple treatments, and there is risk of infection and scarring. However, it offers permanent solution and a natural look.
Male Pattern Baldness is mostly genetic in nature and is irreversible. However, there are certain treatments, like hair transplant, which can offer some solution. One should visit a doctor to ensure that the hair fall is entirely due to genetics and nothing else.