By Dr. Lekhraj Patidar, Orthopaedics
Arthroscopy refers to a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope gets inserted into a joint. The term Arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, Arthro, meaning joint and skopein means to examine.
Let us talk about Arthroscopic surgeries which get conducted for Knee as well as Shoulder:
Knee arthroscopy involves a surgical technique that helps to diagnose and treat problems related to knee joint. The procedure goes like this:
- The surgeon would make a really small cut and get an arthroscope, which is a tiny camera, inserted into one’s knee.
- This would allow him to get a clear view of the inside of the joint on a screen.
- The surgeon gets to investigate what the problem is all about with the knee and if required correct the tissue by using small instruments within the arthroscope.
- After the surgery, the surgery drains the saline out from the joint and closes the cuts through stitches.
Arthroscopy helps to diagnose different knee problems which include:
- Torn Meniscus
- Misaligned Kneecap
- Torn anterior ligaments
- Pieces of torn cartilage that are loose in the joint
- Fractures in the knee bones
- This arthroscopic surgery can result in repairing the ligaments of the joint.
Shoulder arthroscopy, similar to knee arthroscopy, involves the use of tiny camera in the form of an arthroscope to examine or even repair the tissues inside or close to the shoulder joint.
The arthroscope gets inserted through a small incision in the skin.
The procedure involves:
- The surgeon inserting an arthroscope inside the shoulder through a small cut. The scope stays connected to a video monitor in the operating room.
- He gets to inspect the tissues of the shoulder joint, including cartilage, bones, tendons as well as ligaments and also the area above the joint.
- Arthroscopic surgery helps to repair any damaged tissue, for which the surgeon makes close to 3 small cuts and inserts instruments through them.
The surgeon may conduct one or more of the procedures during operation:
- Repair the Rotator Cuff
- Surgery for Impingement Syndrome
- Surgery for Shoulder Instability