By Dr. Amol Patil, Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT)
There are two globs of tissue at the back of your throat which act as a filter for germs: they trap the germs and use antibodies to fight the infection. When these tissues become infected and inflamed, the condition is called Tonsillitis.
- The most common cause for tonsillitis are viral infections, such as:
- The influenza virus is one of the common pathogens that result in tonsillitis.
- Herpes simplex virus is a factor in causing tonsillitis.
- The Epstein-Barr virus is also an important cause of tonsillitis.
- Bacteria, like streptococcus can also cause tonsillitis
- Swelling of the Tonsils: The most common symptom of tonsillitis is the stifling feeling as a result of the tonsils swelling and sometimes even blocking the airways.
- Emergence of ulcers on the throat: This is an important symptom of tonsillitis and cause for concern as it may be symptom of infection spreading to other parts of the throat.
- Difficulty in breathing or swallowing: The swelling of the tonsils might also have a connection to a sudden swelling of the glands near the throat. The passageway for air might become constricted and can start threatening respiration itself.
- Antibiotics: If tests undergone by the patient conclude that the tonsillitis has been caused by bacterial infection, then antibiotics can be prescribed and in most cases, it proves to be a decent remedy.
- Home Remedies : You can go for home remedies also, like drinking very cold or warm fluids for ease of the throat. Gargling with salt water is also helpful.
- Tonsillectomy: A Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the tonsils. It is the treatment in case of recurrent tonsillitis or when there is a breathing difficulty in children such as heavy snoring or sleep apnea.