By Dr. Neeta Shah, Diabetology
A certain class of doctors deals exclusively with the glands in the human body. The chief gland is the pituitary gland, and its primary function is to produce hormones. Hormones are chemicals that control several processes in your body, including digestion, respiration, growth, and even physical characteristics like your height and weight.
The doctors that deal with glands and hormones exclusively are called endocrinologists. Among endocrinologists, there exists a sub-class of doctors called diabetologists. These are the doctors that specialize in the treatment of different types of diabetes (types I and II), and secondary complications that occur after the human body contracts diabetes.
What specific diseases do these doctors treat?
• Type I Diabetes- this is caused when the beta cells of the pancreas (insulin producers) cannot produce insulin anymore. The reason for their debility is an attack from the immune system of the body itself, which ends up destroying these cells.
Some people get a different type of diabetes, called secondary diabetes. In it, the beta cells of the pancreas are also rendered unable to produce insulin. The reason here is not an attack from the immune system, but disease or traumatic external injury to the pancreas.
• Type II Diabetes- this is the second type of diabetes and the variety that most people have. In this, the body cannot properly utilize the insulin produced. There are a variety of factors behind the causation of this disease. They include obesity (caused by medical reasons or a sedentary lifestyle), or a family predisposition towards the disease. Diabetes type 2 travels very efficiently in genes.
• Diabetes complications- there are a host of secondary diseases caused as an effect of diabetes, which these doctors can treat. These are heart diseases like angina pectoris, heart attacks and strokes, kidney malfunction, glaucoma and cataract problems, even Alzheimer.
In case you are facing any of these health ailments, you should go to a diabetologist for a cure.
How can a diabetologist help you?
Along with treating them individually, diabetologists also coordinate and educate nurses, secondary doctors like nephrologists, and medicine administrators, to ensure you are given the perfect healthcare during and after your treatment. In most cases, they give you detailed charts regarding diet and lifestyle changes you have to make the following treatment so that you can derive the maximum benefits.
You should also visit a diabetologist if you encounter the following symptoms-
• You feel thirstier than usual
• You are tired out after even trivial tasks
• You feel hungrier than usual
• You urinate more often than you used to
• Your vision is getting blurry
• You have a family history of diabetes
While these are not definitive indicators that you have diabetes, it is always better to err on the side of caution, especially with current lifestyles that severely curb the physical activity. If you ever do get diabetes, regular check-ups will ensure it is diagnosed and treated faster.
Diabetes is a disease that is becoming increasingly common. As such, the role of diabetologists has become indispensable to society. While you should periodically check in to a clinic for complete examinations, you should absolutely visit a diabetologist if you are suffering from any of the health impairments above.