By Dr. Abhigyan Mukherjee, Dermatology
Some micro-organisms that live on the body are capable of causing long term complications from infections. One of these micro-organisms is a type of fungus known as Candida. Overgrowth of this fungus leads to an infection known as -cutaneous candidiasis or simply, candidiasis of the skin. The rapid multiplication of fungus can be a result of factors such as:
- Tight clothing
- Warm weather
- Use of antibiotics which result in elimination of harmless bacteria that generally keep the growth of Candida under control
- Weakened immune system
- Improper drying of wet or damp skin
- Poor hygiene
Warm and moist conditions prove to be ideal for the growth of Candida. As a result, the fungi usually affect regions where the skin is folded, e.g. groin and armpits. Although Candidiasis of the skin is not contagious, people having weakened immune systems are prone to develop the condition when in contact with an infected person.
The primary symptom of cutaneous candidiasis is the formations of rashes on the skin, which usually cause intense itching and redness. In severe cases, the skin becomes sore and cracked with blisters being also a possibility. Although it primarily develops in the folds present in the skin, it is also capable of affecting other parts of the body such as the groin regions, armpits, the webbing between fingers as well as under the breasts.
Care and Prevention-
Home remedies can be effectively used to treat Candidiasis of the skin. The most important is to maintain proper hygiene. It is vital that the skin is washed and dried regularly so that it does not become too moist. Regulating blood sugar levels can also aid in preventing the symptoms of candidiasis. In severe conditions, antifungal powder or cream is recommended so that it eliminates the infection causing fungi. In case the infection has spread inside the body, oral antifungal medications should be administered.