By Dr. Yogesh Trivedi, Gynaecology
Often when you go for gynaecological checkups, the doctor might suggest a hysteroscopy to investigate further into the problem. The term may seem to intimidate women but in reality, the process of hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive and reliable procedure.
What is Hysteroscopy?
A hysteroscopy is a safe and painless method to identify damages in the uterus. It is mostly used to diagnose health issues related to menstrual cycle. During a hysteroscopy, the doctor inserts a miniature telescope through the cervix. It is used to check the uterus for damages.
Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose the following conditions-
• Extreme cramps or abdominal pain
• To examine the uterus for infertility
• To examine blockage in the fallopian tubes
• To examine possible cause of repeated miscarriages
• To remove small fibroids
• To collect sample from the lining of the uterus for future tests
• To insert contraceptives for permanent sterilization
Does Hysteroscopy hurt?
Generally, anaesthesia is not required during a hysteroscopy as it is a painless process. However, anaesthesia may be used depending on the severity of the situation. In some cases, the doctor might prescribe medication to help the patient relax. The patient may feel slight cramps following hysteroscopy. In case you experience bleeding or severe abdominal pain after the process, seek immediate medical help.
How is Hysteroscopy performed?
Following the anaesthesia or medication, the doctor inserts the hysteroscope (a tube with an attached light and camera) through the cervix. A salty fluid or gas is passed through the tube to help the doctor see well. The camera attached to the tube helps to display the image on a monitor and the doctor is able to identify the damaged areas. Sometimes the doctor collects sample tissues from the uterus lining for further examination.
Is the Process Risky?
There is a very rare chance of complications in a hysteroscopy. However, the possible risks include –
• Infection from the anaesthetic fluid
• Damage to the urinary tract or other nearby organs
• Fluid or gas overdose
Results of Hysteroscopy:
Hysteroscopy is used even for minor surgeries like removal of small fibroids. It is of great use to the doctor as he is able to access the damaged areas directly. Recovery period is very quick as the process is often performed in the doctor’s chamber itself.
Therefore, if you are ever suggested by the doctor to get a hysteroscopy done, you can rely on its accuracy and reliability.