Bloated Stomach – How To Get Rid Of It?

Bloated Stomach – How To Get Rid Of It?

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By Dr. Sandeep Jha, Surgical Gastroenterology

Excessive gas build-up in your digestive system can make you stomach protrude outwards. It also makes you feel “heavy”. If this sounds familiar, you have a bloated stomach. There are myriad reasons behind a bloated stomach, and the symptoms could be mild and temporary or could mean some other serious condition is affecting you.

CAUSES-
There are more than two dozen causes behind a bloated stomach; some possible ones include:

  1. Digestive disorders (Example: irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, etc.)
  2. Fluid retention
  3. Dehydration
  4. Constipation
  5. Food sensitivities or allergies (Example: lactose intolerance or peanut allergy)
  6. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)
  7. Infection
  8. Bowel obstruction
  9. Hormonal changes
  10. Cancer

Besides these underlying conditions, certain foods may also cause bloating, such as:

  1. Sweetened snacks
  2. Flavoured dairy products
  3. Refined grains
  4. Certain vegetables such as garlic, onion, cauliflower, cabbage and broccoli

SYMPTOMS-
Besides the obvious signs of a swollen belly, do visit a doctor if you have the following symptoms accompanying the bloating:

  1. Fever
  2. Skin hives or rashes
  3. Itchy throat, watery eyes and allergic reaction
  4. Diarrhoea or constipation
  5. Nausea or vomiting
  6. Digestive disorders (Example: irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, etc.)
  7. Fluid retention
  8. Dehydration
  9. Constipation
  10. Food sensitivities or allergies (Example: lactose intolerance or peanut allergy)
  11. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)
  12. Infection
  13. Bowel obstruction
  14. Hormonal changes
  15. Blood in stool or urine
  16. Unintentional loss of weight
  17. Urinating difficulties
  18. Painful lymph nodes, especially in your armpits, groin or throat
  19. Fatigue
  20. Concentration difficulties
  21. Irregular periods

TREATMENTS
If your bloated stomach is due to any serious medical condition, you will be treated accordingly by your doctor. However, if you experience bloating due to digestive problems, you can do the following to treat your bloated stomach:

  1. Exercise regularly for a healthy digestive system.
  2. Drink plenty of water (about 2-3 litres of it each day).
  3. Reduce your stress levels.
  4. Eat foods such as yoghurt, leafy vegetables, ginger, green tea, etc.