By Dr. Chetan Sheladia, Urology
Kidney stones occur when there is a continuous buildup of minerals dissolved on inner linings of the kidney. Kidney stones are comprised of calcium oxalate and a few other compounds. Kidney stones can keep growing and attain the size of golf balls while retaining their crystalline yet sharp structure. Although kidney stones can be small and pass through the urinary tract without notice they can also give rise to excruciating pain when being eliminated from the body.
Kidney stone issues can crop up without any symptoms till the time it moves into the ureter. This is the time when signs start becoming apparent.
• Excruciating pain felt in the groin region
• Blood found in urine
• Nausea and vomiting
• Pus or white blood cells noticed in the urine
• Lowered quantity of urine
• A burning sensation felt during the time of urination
• Chill and fever during infection
• Continuous urge to urinate
Kidney stones when left unremoved can give rise to a number of complications in the body. These include blockage of the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder and obstruction of the urine path. Also, those with stones stand at a higher chance of developing chronic disorders related to the kidneys.
Laser Treatment for Kidney Stones:
If you want to opt for a laser treatment for the removal of kidney stones then lithotripsy is the method you should consider.
What is the Lithotripsy Method?
Lithotripsy is a kidney stone removal procedure which is non-invasive and goes on about for 30 to 90 minutes. The process helps to disintegrate the kidney stone or stones into smaller fragments. This process can be adapted to break up stones in a number of body organs such as in the gallbladder, kidney, liver and so on.
Under the lithotripsy process, there are a number of other sub-treatment procedures. These include:
• Laser Lithotripsy
• Percutaneous Lithotripsy
• Endoscopic Lithotripsy
• Shockwave Lithotripsy
• Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy
How is a Laser Lithotripsy Performed?
If you want to opt for a laser treatment method such as the laser lithotripsy then the procedure comprises a laser which is targeted onto the stones particularly. This laser helps to break the stones into smaller versions making it easier for the small stone particles to pass via the urinary tract. A laser lithotripsy procedure is most effective when the kidney stones are smaller than 20 mm in diameter.
The eligibility criteria for a lithotripsy treatment method include:
• The kidney stones are located in the top portion of the ureter
• The stones can easily be seen on the X-ray or are smaller than 2 cm Keeping these few eligibility criteria’s in mind you should also be aware that the criteria’s will differ from one patient to the other depending on their previous medical records, their current health condition and age.